|Assessment of the Administrative Mechanism/ Assessing the Efficiency of the Administrative Mechanism, conducted annually to assure that local grant administrators adhere to federal (HRSA) requirements regulating the timely and efficient selection, retention, payment, and monitoring of local HIV/AIDS service providers.
|Affordable Care Act, generally referred to as Obamacare, is a health reform legislation signed into law in 2010 to expand access to healthcare for low income families.
|American with Disabilities Act, a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public.
|AIDS Drug Distribution Program (NJ’s ADAP), program that provides medications to low-income individuals with no other source of payment for these drugs.
|AIDS Education and Training Center, a national network of leading HIV experts who provide locally based, tailored education, clinical consultation and technical assistance to healthcare professionals and healthcare organizations to integrate high quality, comprehensive care for those living with or affected by HIV.
|Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, the disease caused by HIV
|Anti-retroviral Therapy, HIV treatment that involves taking a combination of HIV medicines to reduce the amount of HIV in your body.
|Anti-retroviral drugs used to prevent a retrovirus, such as HIV, from replicating.
|AIDS Service Organization
|Community/Consumer Advisory Board, Community advocacy
|Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency Act, amended and reauthorized four times to accommodate new and emerging needs, such as an increased emphasis on funding core medical services and changes in funding formulas.
|Congressional Budget Office
|Community Based Dental Partnership Program
|Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
|Chief Elected Official, the official recipient of Part A or Part B Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program funds. For Part A, this is usually a city mayor, county executive, or chair of the county board of supervisors.
|Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Monitor Program, a client data tool for Ryan White Part A program in the Newark EMA.
|Community Health Centers
|Children’s Health Insurance Program provides health coverage to eligible children, through both Medicaid and separate CHIP programs.
|Children’s Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act, legislation that support states in developing efficient and effective strategies to identify, enroll, and retain health coverage for uninsured children who are eligible for Medicaid or CHIP but are not enrolled
|Comprehensive Health Plan, also known as the Integrated Health and Care Plan, a report that guides the Planning Council in the development of a coordinated system of care for People Living With HIV.
|Community Involvement Activities Committee, the Planning Council committee that help bridge the gap between community and service providers by creating opportunities for community members to be involved in the planning process.
|Client Level Data
|Case Management (Non-Medical)
|Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
|Continuum of Care Committee, the Planning Council committee that develops and reviews service standards that promote quality care and treatment services for the HIV infected/affected communities within the Newark EMA.
|Issues or forces that contribute directly or indirectly to enhanced risk for HIV transmission
|A disease or condition, such as hepatitis, mental illness or substance abuse, co-existing with HIV disease.
|Comprehensive Planning Committee, the Planning Council committee that develops recommendations for the prioritization and allocation of Ryan White funds A in the Newark EMA and updates and monitors the five-year Comprehensive Health Plan and Priority Resource Allocation Plan.
|Clinical Quality Management
|Counseling, Testing, and Referral
|Clinical Quality Management
|Calendar Year (January – December)
|Drug Enforcement Agency
|Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention
|Department of Health & Community Wellness – Ryan White Unit – City of Newark
|The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
|Division of HIV, STD, and TB Services
|The mission of the Division of HIV, STD, and TB Services is to prevent and reduce the spread of HIV, STDs and TB and ensure that HIV-, STD- and TB-infected people and those at risk of infection have access to the care they need.
|Division of Mental Health and Addiction Services serves as the Single State Agency (SSA) for Substance Abuse and the State Mental Health Authority (SMHA) as designated by the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
|Department of Health
|Division of STD Prevention
|Emergency Financial Assistance, the service category in the Newark EMA that provides limited one-time or short-term payments to assist an HRSA RWHAP client with an urgent need for essential items or services necessary to improve health outcomes, including utilities, housing, food (groceries and food vouchers), transportation, medication not covered by an AIDS Drug Assistance Program or AIDS Pharmaceutical Assistance, or another HRSA RWHAP-allowable cost needed to improve health outcomes.
|Ending the HIV Epidemic
|Early Identification of Individuals with HIV/AIDS
|Early Intervention Retention Collaborative
|Early Intervention Services, activities designed to identify individuals who are HIV-positive and get them into care as quickly as possible. Also, a service category in the Newark EMA.
|Eligible Metropolitan Area
|Electronic Medical Record/ Electronic Health Record
|Epidemiologic Profile, a description of the current status, distribution, and impact of an infectious disease or other health-related condition in a specified geographic area.
|Food Bank/Home Delivered Meals, the service category in the Newark EMA that provides actual food items, hot meals, or a voucher program to purchase food, including essential non-food items that are limited to personal hygiene products, household cleaning supplies, and water filtration/purification systems in communities where issues of water safety exist.
|Food and Drug Administration, a federal agency within HHS responsible for ensuring the safety and effectiveness of drugs, biologics, vaccines, and medical devices used (among others) in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of HIV infection, AIDS, and AIDS-related opportunistic infections.
|Funding Opportunity Announcement
|Federal Poverty Level, a measure of income issued every year by HHS to determine eligibility for certain programs and benefits such as Medicaid, Food Stamps, the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), and RWHAP.
|Federally Qualified Health Center, includes organizations receiving grants under Section 330 of the Public Health Service Act (PHS)
|HIV Cross-Part Care Continuum Collaborative, also known as the HIV Care Continuum, is designed to build regional capacity for linkage to and retention in care across all Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program Parts
|Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy, the combination of several (typically three or four) antiretroviral drugs
|Hepatitis B Virus
|Hepatitis C Virus
|Health Education Risk Reduction
|U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
|Health Insurance Exchanges
|Health Insurance Premiums and Cost Sharing Assistance, the service category in the Newark EMA that provides financial assistance for eligible clients living with HIV to maintain continuity of health insurance or to receive medical and pharmacy benefits under a health care coverage program.
|Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act
|Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which leads to AIDS
|Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
|Health Maintenance Organizations, a health insurance organization to which subscribers pay a predetermined fee in return for a range of medical services from physicians and healthcare works registered with the organization
|Housing Opportunities for People With AIDS, a federal program that assists people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) with housing issues
|The service category in the Newark EMA that provides transitional, short-term, or emergency housing assistance to enable a client or family to gain or maintain outpatient/ambulatory health services and treatment, including temporary assistance necessary to prevent homelessness and to gain or maintain access to medical care.
|Human Papilloma Virus
|Health Resources and Services Administration, the federal agency that administers various primary care programs for the medically underserved including the Ryan White Treatment Modernization of 2009 (formerly the CARE Act)
|Herpes Simplex Virus
|HIV testing services
|Department of Housing & Urban Development, federal agency responsible for administering community development, affordable housing, and other programs including Housing Opportunities for People with AIDS (HOPWA).
|Injection Drug User, a behavioral risk group
|Integrated HIV/AIDS Planning
|The Integrated HIV Prevention and Care Plan is a roadmap for HIV services identifying specific goals, objectives, and activities that are needed to stop the spread of HIV in in the Newark EMA and improve the health outcomes of all individuals living with HIV.
|Integrated HIV/AIDS Planning Technical Assistance Center
|The number of new cases of a disease that occur within a specified time period.
|The number of new cases of a disease or condition that occur in a defined population during a specified time period, often expressed per 100,000 persons. AIDS incidence rates are often expressed this way.
|An action designed to change behavior or situations to reduce the chance for HIV transmission
|Institute of Medicine
|Institutional Review Board
|Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and others. The "plus" represents other sexual identities.
|Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program
|Minority AIDS Initiative, a national HHS initiative that provides special resources to reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS and improve health outcomes for people with HIV within communities of color.
|Medical Case Management. Also, the service category in the Newark EMA that provides a range of client-centered activities focused on improving health outcomes in support of the HIV care continuum.
|Mental Health. Also, the service category in the Newark EMA that provides outpatient psychological and psychiatric screening, assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and counseling services offered to clients living with HIV.
|Medical Nutrition Therapy, the service category in the Newark EMA that provides nutrition assessment and screening, dietary/nutritional evaluation, food and/or nutritional supplements per medical provider’s recommendation, and nutrition education and/or counseling
|Memorandum of Agreement
|Memorandum of Understanding
|Men Who Have Sex With Men
|Men who have Sex with women only
|Men who have Sex with Men and Women
|Medical Transportation, the service category that provides nonemergency transportation that enables an eligible client to access or be retained in core medical and support services.
|Needs Assessment, the process of collecting information about the needs of PLWH (both those receiving care and those not in care), identifying current resources (Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program and other) available to meet those needs, and determining what gaps in care exist.
|National Alliance of State and Territorial AIDS Directors
|National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention
|National Center for Quality Assurance
|Newark Eligible Metropolitan Area which includes the counties of Essex, Union, Morris, Sussex and Warren
|National HIV/AIDS Strategy
|National HIV Surveillance System
|National Institutes of Health
|New Jersey HIV Planning Group, a planning /policy group formed by the NJDOH
|New Jersey Department of Health
|New Jersey Department of Public Health
|Non-Medical Case Management Services, the service category in the Newark EMA that provides a range of client centered activities focused on improving access to and retention in needed core medical and support services.
|Notice of Funding Availability/ Notice of Funding Opportunity, an open and competitive process for selecting providers of services.
|Outpatient Ambulatory Medical Care
|Outpatient/Ambulatory Health Services, the services category in the Newark EMA that provides diagnostic and therapeutic-related activities directly to a client by a licensed healthcare provider in an outpatient medical setting. Previously referred as Primary Medical Care.
|Oral Health, the services category in the Newark EMA that provides outpatient diagnosis, prevention, and therapy by dental health care professionals, including general dental practitioners, dental specialists, dental hygienists, and licensed dental assistants.
|Office of HIV Planning
|Office of Management and Budget (federal)
|Office of National AIDS Policy
|(OPS) Other Professional Services
|Other Professional Services, the service category in the Newark EMA that provides professional and consultant services rendered by members of particular professions licensed and/or qualified to offer such services by local governing authorities, including legal services.
|Planning Council, the Newark EMA HIV Health Services Planning Council
|Primary Care Provider
|Plan, Do, Study, Act
|Parity, Inclusion & Representation
|Planning Community HIV/AIDS Technical Assistance and Training builds the capacity of Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program Part A planning councils and planning bodies (PC/PB) across the U.S. to fulfill their legislative responsibilities, strengthen consumer engagement, and increase the involvement of community providers in HIV service delivery planning.
|Persons Living with HIV
|Persons Living with HIV/AIDS
|Pre-exposure Prophylaxis, a way to prevent HIV infection for people who do not have HIV but who are at substantial risk of getting by taking a pill everyday
|The total number of persons with a specific disease or condition at a given time.
|The proportion of a population living at a given time with a condition or disease (compared to the incidence rate, which refers to new cases).
|The process used to establish priorities among service categories, to ensure consistency with locally identified needs, and to address how best to meet each priority.
|Provider (or service provider)
|The agency that provides direct services to clients (and their families) or the recipient. A provider may receive funds as a recipient (such as under RWHAP Parts C and D) or through a contractual relationship with a recipient funded directly by RWHAP. Also known as subrecipient.
|Priority Setting and Resource Allocation, a report that describes the priorities for the allocation of funds within the Newark EMA, how best to meet each priority, and additional recommendations for the recipient to consider in the allocation of funds under a grant.
|Psychosocial Support Services, the service category in the Newark EMA that provides group or individual support and counseling services to assist HRSA RWHAP-eligible PLWH to address behavioral and physical health concerns.
|People who inject drugs
|Research Evaluation Committee, the Planning Council committee responsible for gathering and analyzing data for the development, implementation, and continual improvement of the Ryan White Health Care System in the Newark EMA.
|The Ryan White Unit of the Newark Department of Health and Community Wellness (DHCW) that administers Part A funds for the Newark EMA which includes the counties of Essex, Morris, Union, Morris, Sussex, and Warren.
|The extent to which the demographics of the planning body's membership look like the demographics of the epidemic in the service area.
|The Part A planning council responsibility to assign Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program amounts or percentages to established priorities across specific service categories, geographic areas, populations, or subpopulations.
|An inventory of the financial resources available in a jurisdiction to meet the HIV prevention, care, and treatment needs of its population as well as resource gaps.
|Request For Proposals
|Any behavior, such as unprotected sex, that puts an individual at risk for becoming infected with HIV.
|Robert’s Rules of Order, guidelines for conducting/participating in public meetings
|Ryan White Services Report, data collection and reporting system for reporting information on programs and clients served (Client Level Data).
|HRSA's Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program
|Ryan White Unit, also known as the recipient’s office of Ryan White Part A funding for the Newark EMA.
|Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration, federal agency within HHS that administers programs in substance abuse and mental health.
|Statewide Coordinated Statement of Need, the process of identifying the needs of persons at risk for HIV infection and people with HIV (those receiving care and those not receiving care); identifying current resources available to meet those needs, and determining what gaps in HIV prevention and care services exist
|Social Determinants of Health
|Moving from HIV-negative to HIV-positive after infection
|The number of HIV-positive people in a given population per 100,000 persons tested
|Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program
|Standard Operating Procedures
|Special Projects of National Significance, the part of the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program under Part F that funds demonstration and evaluation of innovative models of care delivery for hard-to-reach populations.
|Support Staff, Newark EMA Planning Council Support Staff
|Social Security Disability Insurance
|Sexually Transmitted Disease, such as syphilis, gonorrhea, and HIV
|The process of directing resources and interventions in the fight against HIV/AIDS
|Substance Use Outpatient Care
|Substance Use Outpatient Care, the service category in the Newark EMA that provides outpatient services for the treatment of drug or alcohol use disorders.
|Substance Use Services (Residential)
|Substance Abuse Services (residential), the service category in the Newark EMA that provides for the treatment of drug or alcohol use disorders in a residential setting to include screening, assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of substance use disorder.
|Agencies that receive Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program funds from a recipient and is accountable to the recipient for the use of the funds provided.
|Ongoing monitoring of the spread of a disease to detect changes in trend or distribution of disease.
|A group, community, or population to be reached by a certain intervention
|Transitional Grant Areas
|A general term for any person who adopts a gender identity different from their assigned sex
|Transgender at Sexual Risk/Transgender Injection Drug User, a behavioral risk group
|Undetectable equals Untransmittable, people living with HIV who have an undetectable level of virus in their blood due to treatment unable to transmit the virus to others.
|Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
|The unmet need for primary health services among individuals who know their HIV status but are not receiving primary health care.
|U.S. Preventive Services Task Force
|United Way of Greater Union County
|Department of Veterans Affairs
|In relation to HIV, the quantity of HIV RNA in the blood. Viral load is used as a predictor of disease progression. Viral load test results are expressed as the number of copies per milliliter of blood plasma.
|Viral Load Suppression is defined as having less than 200 copies of HIV per milliliter of blood.
|World Health Organization
|Women, Infants, Children & Youth